What Is The Main Cause Of Pneumonia?

What is the most common cause of pneumonia?

The most common are:Streptococcus pneumoniae – the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia in children;Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) – the second most common cause of bacterial pneumonia;respiratory syncytial virus is the most common viral cause of pneumonia;More items…•.

What are the three major causes of pneumonia?

Key points about pneumonia Pneumonia is an infection of one or both of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. There are more than 30 different causes of pneumonia, and they’re grouped by the cause. The main types of pneumonia are bacterial, viral, and mycoplasma pneumonia.

What Antibiotics treat pneumonia?

First-line antibiotics that might be selected include the macrolide antibiotics azithromycin (Zithromax) or clarithromycin (Biaxin XL); or the tetracycline known as doxycycline.

Can a cold turn into pneumonia?

We often hear that a cold or flu turned into pneumonia. That’s not accurate. However, pneumonia can develop as a secondary bacterial infection after the flu or a cold. Pneumonia, ear infections, and bronchitis can all result from flu or cold.

How does it feel when you have pneumonia?

The symptoms of viral pneumonia usually develop over a period of several days. Early symptoms are similar to influenza symptoms: fever, a dry cough, headache, muscle pain, and weakness. Within a day or two, the symptoms typically get worse, with increasing cough, shortness of breath and muscle pain.

How do people get pneumonia?

Ways you can get pneumonia include: Bacteria and viruses living in your nose, sinuses, or mouth may spread to your lungs. You may breathe some of these germs directly into your lungs. You breathe in (inhale) food, liquids, vomit, or fluids from the mouth into your lungs (aspiration pneumonia)

Can pneumonia go away on its own?

Viral pneumonia usually goes away on its own. Therefore, treatment focuses on easing some of the symptoms. A person with viral pneumonia should get sufficient rest and stay hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids. A doctor may prescribe cough-relieving medication to help ease coughing.

What are the 4 stages of pneumonia?

Four Stages of PneumoniaCongestion. This stage occurs within the first 24 hours of contracting pneumonia. … Red Hepatization. This stage occurs two to three days after congestion. … Grey Hepatization. This stage will occur two to three days after red hepatization and is an avascular stage. … Resolution. … ‍ … Is Pneumonia Contagious?

Is pneumonia contagious yes or no?

Pneumonia is contagious just like a cold or flu when it is caused by infectious microbes. However, pneumonia is not contagious when the cause is related to a type of poisoning like inhalation of chemical fumes.

How long can pneumonia last?

Pneumonia can hang around for about two weeks, or even longer in young children, elderly adults, and those who have weakened immune systems or ongoing illness like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma. Even healthy people may feel tired or weak for a month or more after their lungs clear up.

Can I have pneumonia without a fever?

While fever is a common symptom of pneumonia, it’s possible to have pneumonia without a fever. This can occur in specific groups, such as young children, older adults, and people with a weakened immune system. Pneumonia can be caused by a variety of germs, some of which are contagious.

What happens if pneumonia is left untreated?

If your pneumonia isn’t treated, the pleura can get swollen, creating a sharp pain when you breathe in. If you don’t treat the swelling, the area between the pleura may fill with fluid, which is called a pleural effusion. If the fluid gets infected, it leads to a problem called empyema.

Do I have a cold or pneumonia?

You will experience pain when you breathe or cough, fever and chills, significant fatigue and shortness of breath. Even if you have mild or “walking” pneumonia, you will still feel pretty terrible. So, if you have a cold that takes a turn for the worse, see your doctor to get checked for pneumonia.

What time of year is pneumonia most common?

Getting a cold, the flu or pneumonia is generally associated with winter weather, but even though there may be an increase in these illnesses during those cold, wet months, there is still the potential of developing lung and other respiratory infections during the warmer spring and summer months.

What food is good for pneumonia?

A diet rich in protein is beneficial for the people suffering from pneumonia. Foods like nuts, seeds, beans, white meat and cold water fishes like salmon and sardines have anti-inflammatory properties. They also in repairing the damaged tissues and building the new tissues in the body.