What Are The Three Water Borne Diseases?

Is dengue a water borne disease?

Dengue is a mosquito-borne infection which in recent years has become a major international public health concern.

Dengue fever is a severe, flu-like illness that affects infants, young children and adults but rarely causes death..

What are water borne diseases and how do they affect public health?

Waterborne diseases are caused by a variety of microorganisms, biotoxins, and toxic contaminants, which lead to devastating illnesses such as cholera, schistosomiasis and other gastrointestinal problems. Outbreaks of waterborne diseases often occur after a severe precipitation event (rainfall, snowfall).

Is pneumonia waterborne disease?

Waterborne diseases can manifest as either food poisoning or pneumonia, depending on the bacteria involved. Some foodborne and waterborne diseases come from obvious sources, like untreated water or water contaminated with human or animal sewage.

Are there water borne viruses?

Water-transmitted viral pathogens that are classified as having a moderate to high health significance by the World Health Organization (WHO) include adenovirus, astrovirus, hepatitis A and E viruses, rotavirus, norovirus and other caliciviruses, and enteroviruses, including coxsackieviruses and polioviruses [5].

What are the common water borne diseases in the community?

The result: dangerous diseases like cholera and typhoid fever. Other waterborne diseases include diarrhoea, dysentery, polio and meningitis. Unclean water for washing can cause skin and infectious eye disease such as Trachoma.

How do you prevent water borne diseases?

Prevention of Food and Water Borne IllnessUse good environmental management. … Practice good personal hygiene. … Take food safety precautions to learn about the fundamentals of food safety so that you can protect yourself, your friends, family and people in your community.Drink properly treated water.

What measure would you take to prevent water borne disease?

Here are several ways to prevent water-borne diseases:Drink only filtered/boiled water.Store water in a clean container,Water jars/containers should be washed daily.Always wash hands before and after preparing food or eating, likewise, children should be taught on hand washing.More items…•

What are examples of water borne diseases?

Some waterborne pathogenic microorganisms spread by water can cause severe, life-threatening diseases. Examples are typhoid fever, cholera and Hepatitis A or E. Other microorganisms induce less dangerous diseases. Often, diarrhoea is the main symptom (figure 1).

What is the most common water borne disease?

10 Common Waterborne Diseases and How to Prevent Them!Diarrhoea. In India, diarrhoea is the most common waterborne disease. … Malarial fever. The plasmodium parasite mosquito is responsible for the spread of malaria. … Amebiasis. Protozoa is the microorganism that causes amebiasis. … Cholera. … Hepatitis. … Typhoid fever. … Viral gastroenteritis. … Cryptosporidiosis.More items…•

What are the causes of water borne diseases?

Waterborne illnesses have two main causes: Pollution e.g. dangerous levels of chemicals, nitrates or heavy metals in the water supply due to industrial pollution or the over-use of agricultural chemicals. Dirt & Contamination – Bacteria, viruses and parasitic organisms invisibly contaminate the water and cause disease.

What is the meaning of water borne diseases?

Waterborne diseases are illnesses caused by microscopic organisms, like viruses and bacteria, that are ingested through contaminated water or by coming in contact with feces.

Are water borne diseases contagious?

Waterborne diseases are conditions caused by pathogenic micro-organisms that are transmitted in water. These diseases can be spread while bathing, washing, drinking water, or by eating food exposed to contaminated water.

What diseases are caused by dirty water?

Water and health. Contaminated water and poor sanitation are linked to transmission of diseases such as cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery, hepatitis A, typhoid, and polio.