Quick Answer: What Happens If EMG Is Abnormal?

What does an abnormal EMG indicate?

An abnormal EMG result may be a sign of a muscle or nerve disorder, such as: Polymyositis.

This is an inflammatory muscle disease that causes decreased muscle power.

Muscular dystrophy.

This is a chronic genetic disease that slowly impairs how muscles work..

What will a EMG test tell you?

Electromyography (EMG) measures muscle response or electrical activity in response to a nerve’s stimulation of the muscle. The test is used to help detect neuromuscular abnormalities.

What does an abnormal EMG look like?

Abnormal EMG results can show up in two ways. First, the muscle may show electrical activity at rest. On the other hand, the muscle may show abnormal electrical activity during contraction. This shows up as an abnormal action potential pattern with changes in the size or shape of the wave.

How painful is an EMG test?

Some people ask “is an EMG test painful?” There are actually two parts to EMG testing and both may result in some discomfort, but they are usually well tolerated without any need for pain medication. In most cases, your doctor will perform both elements, but in some situations, only one or the other may be done.

How much does an EMG cost?

An EMG or NCS may cost from $150 to $500.

Does nerve damage show on MRI?

MRI is sensitive to changes in cartilage and bone structure resulting from injury, disease, or aging. It can detect herniated discs, pinched nerves, spinal tumors, spinal cord compression, and fractures.

What happens if you have nerve damage?

Damage to the nerves can make it harder to control muscles. It can also cause weakness. You may notice problems moving a part of your body. You may fall because your legs buckle.

What does a normal EMG sound like?

The sound of positive sharp waves have been described as, like ‘claps of distant thunder’, and fibrillation potentials a higher pitched and shorter duration sound, like ‘rain on a tin roof’.

Can you have a normal EMG and still have nerve damage?

Like any diagnostic procedure or test, EMG is not perfect. A normal result does not mean a patient does not have a deficit in their nerve or muscle. Whether median neuropathy at the wrist or carpal tunnel syndrome are present is the most referred question for EMG.

Why would someone need an EMG?

EMG results are often necessary to help diagnose or rule out a number of conditions such as: Muscle disorders, such as muscular dystrophy or polymyositis. Diseases affecting the connection between the nerve and the muscle, such as myasthenia gravis.

Can I drive home after EMG?

You may need to stay in the outpatient facility or hospital for a short period after your EMG. Your team will apply warm compresses to your injection sites to reduce pain. You will not be able to drive for about 24 hours if you had sedation because you will still be drowsy.

What are the signs of nerve damage?

The signs of nerve damage include the following:Numbness or tingling in the hands and feet.Feeling like you’re wearing a tight glove or sock.Muscle weakness, especially in your arms or legs.Regularly dropping objects that you’re holding.Sharp pains in your hands, arms, legs, or feet.More items…

What medications affect an EMG test?

About ElectromyographyAre taking any drugs. Certain drugs that act on the nervous system (such as muscle relaxants) can interfere with electromyography results. … Have had bleeding problems or are taking blood thinning drugs, such as warfarin (Coumadin®) or heparin.Have a pacemaker.

What diseases does EMG rule?

An EMG can be used to diagnose a wide variety of neuromuscular diseases, motor problems, nerve injuries, or degenerative conditions, such as:Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)Carpal tunnel syndrome.Cervical spondylosis.Guillain-Barre syndrome.Lambert-Eaton syndrome.Muscular dystrophy.Myasthenia gravis.More items…

What should you not do before an EMG?

If you’re able to have an EMG, you should do the following beforehand:Avoid smoking for at least three hours before the procedure.Bathe or take a shower to remove any oils from the skin. … Wear comfortable clothing that doesn’t obstruct the area that your doctor will be evaluating.

How do doctors test for nerve damage?

A nerve conduction velocity (NCV) test — also called a nerve conduction study (NCS) — measures how fast an electrical impulse moves through your nerve. NCV can identify nerve damage. During the test, your nerve is stimulated, usually with electrode patches attached to your skin.

Will EMG test show MS?

The test can also measure the ability of peripheral nerves to conduct impulses. EMG results are usually normal in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, as MS doesn’t affect the peripheral nervous system.