Question: What Is The Impact Of Hospital Acquired Infections?

How do nosocomial infections affect hospitals financially?

Annually, approximately 2 million patients suffer with healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in the USA, and nearly 90,000 are estimated to die.

The overall direct cost of HAIs to hospitals ranges from US$28 billion to 45 billion.

While the range is wide, HAIs are clearly expensive..

How are hospital acquired infections treated?

Antifungal therapy (eg, fluconazole, caspofungin, voriconazole, amphotericin B) in some cases are added to empiric antibiotic coverage. Antiviral therapy (eg, ganciclovir, acyclovir) can be used in the treatment of suspected disseminated viral infections.

How can nosocomial infections and illnesses be prevented?

Wash Your Hands. Hand washing should be the cornerstone of reducing HAIs. … Create an Infection-Control Policy. … Identify Contagions ASAP. … Provide Infection Control Education. … Use Gloves. … Provide Isolation-Appropriate Personal Protective Equipment. … Disinfect and Keep Surfaces Clean. … Prevent Patients From Walking Barefoot.More items…•

Why do nosocomial infections occur?

A nosocomial infection is contracted because of an infection or toxin that exists in a certain location, such as a hospital. People now use nosocomial infections interchangeably with the terms health-care associated infections (HAIs) and hospital-acquired infections.

What are the consequences for the patient if they acquire a healthcare associated infection?

The impact of HAIs include increased patient morbidity and mortality risks, prolonged hospital stay, reduced quality of life and additional costs for consumable items used to treat the infection for both the patient and the system.

Why are hospital acquired infections a problem?

Infections acquired in hospitals are becoming more virulent and more resistant to the antibiotics typically used to fight them. One of the deadliest types of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, commonly referred to as MRSA.

What is the most common cause of hospital acquired infection?

Hospital-acquired infections are caused by viral, bacterial, and fungal pathogens; the most common types are bloodstream infection (BSI), pneumonia (eg, ventilator-associated pneumonia [VAP]), urinary tract infection (UTI), and surgical site infection (SSI).

What is the most common type of healthcare associated infection?

13 most common healthcare-associated infectionsPneumonia: 21.8 percent of all healthcare-associated infections.Surgical-site infection: 21.8 percent.Gastrointestinal infection: 17.1 percent.Urinary tract infection: 12.9 percent.Primary bloodstream infections: 9.9 percent.Eye, ear, nose, throat or mouth infection: 5.6 percent.More items…•

What is the number one hospital acquired infection?

“On an annual basis, surgical site infections (158,639) and Clostridium difficile infections (133,657) were estimated to be the most frequent hospital-acquired infections nationwide,” accounting for 36% and 30% of the total number.

What is a hospital acquired infection called?

Healthcare-acquired infections (HAIs), also known as nosocomial infections, are infections that patients get while receiving treatment for medical or surgical conditions.

What are the sources of nosocomial infection?

Most frequent infection sites associated with nosocomial infection include urinary tract infection pneumonia, primary bloodstream, use of contaminated mechanical ventilation; urinary catheters are a source of nosocomial pneumonia and urinary tract infection respectively.

What are the effects of nosocomial infection?

Conclusions. Nosocomial infections, which are common following cardiac surgery, are associated with prolonged lengths of hospitalization, the development of multiorgan dysfunction, and increased hospital mortality.