How Can We Prevent Water Borne And Vector Borne Diseases?

How do you treat water borne diseases?

Common Waterborne Gastrointestinal IllnessesIllnessCausative agentTreatmentInfectious colitisDiarrheagenic Escherichia coliSupportive treatment; antibiotics and anti-diarrheals should be avoidedViral gastroenteritisAdenovirus, hepatitis A, norovirus, rotavirusSelf-limiting; symptomatic treatment only (fluids)3 more rows•May 1, 2017.

What are water borne diseases give two examples?

The result: dangerous diseases like cholera and typhoid fever. Other waterborne diseases include diarrhoea, dysentery, polio and meningitis. Unclean water for washing can cause skin and infectious eye disease such as Trachoma.

How can we prevent water borne?

Here are several ways to prevent water-borne diseases:Drink only filtered/boiled water.Store water in a clean container,Water jars/containers should be washed daily.Always wash hands before and after preparing food or eating, likewise, children should be taught on hand washing.More items…•

Is Ebola a vector borne disease?

Additionally, Ebola virus is not known to be transmitted through food. However, in certain parts of the world, Ebola virus may spread through the handling and consumption of wild animal meat or hunted wild animals infected with Ebola. There is no evidence that mosquitoes or other insects can transmit Ebola virus.

What causes vector borne?

Key facts. Vector-borne diseases account for more than 17% of all infectious diseases, causing more than 700 000 deaths annually. They can be caused by either parasites, bacteria or viruses. Malaria is a parasitic infection transmitted by Anopheline mosquitoes.

What is water borne diseases with examples?

Some waterborne pathogenic microorganisms spread by water can cause severe, life-threatening diseases. Examples are typhoid fever, cholera and Hepatitis A or E. Other microorganisms induce less dangerous diseases. Often, diarrhoea is the main symptom (figure 1).

How can we prevent diseases?

Decrease your risk of infecting yourself or others:Wash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

Are vector borne diseases contagious?

Vectors are living organisms that can transmit infectious diseases between humans (or from animals) to humans.

What measures would you take to prevent water borne diseases?

Use of bottled water, regular cleaning of water containers, maintain personal hygine, eating cooked and warm food, wash vegetables and fruits before cooking, maintain cleanliness in surroundings, proper dispose off of infant and toddler feces, avoid foods and fruit juices from roadside vendors, keep food and drinking …

What is vector borne diseases with example?

Vector-Borne Disease: Disease that results from an infection transmitted to humans and other animals by blood-feeding anthropods, such as mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas. Examples of vector-borne diseases include Dengue fever, West Nile Virus, Lyme disease, and malaria.

How can we prevent vector borne diseases?

1. Ensure your vaccinations are up to date for diseases prevalent in the area. 2. Wear light-coloured, long-sleeved shirts and long trousers, tucked into socks or boots, and use insect repellent on exposed skin and clothing to protect yourself from being bitten by mosquitoes, sandflies or ticks.

How can we prevent water borne diseases Class 9?

General Ways There should be limited exposure to airborne microbes by providing not so crowded living conditions. Safe drinking water should be provided to prevent water-borne diseases. Provide a clean environment which prevents the breeding of mosquitoes. This prevents the spread of vector-borne diseases.

What does Vector Borne mean?

Vector-borne diseases are infections transmitted by the bite of infected arthropod species, such as mosquitoes, ticks, triatomine bugs, sandflies, and blackflies. Arthropod vectors are cold-blooded (ectothermic) and thus especially sensitive to climatic factors.

What is the most common water borne disease?

Of the seven most common waterborne diseases in the world, diarrhea is the central symptom….DysenteryStomach cramps and pain.Diarrhea.Fever.Nausea.Vomiting.Dehydration.